Waverly Ding Directory Page

Waverly Ding

Waverly Ding

Associate Professor

PhD, University of Chicago


4524 Van Munching Hall

Waverly Ding is Associate Professor of Management & Organization at the University of Maryland's Robert H. Smith School of Business. Dr. Ding earned her MBA and Ph.D. in business from the University of Chicago. Prior to joining the Smith School faculty, she was an assistant professor at Haas School of Business, the University of California at Berkeley.

Dr. Ding’s research focuses on high-tech entrepreneurship and strategy, knowledge transfer between universities and industrial firms, and the U.S. biotech industry. She has also conducted research relating to labor force in science and technology. Her work has been published in Science, American Journal of Sociology, Management Science, Journal of Industrial Economics, and Research Policy.

Primary Research Areas

  • Entrepreneurship
  • Technology strategy
  • Innovation
  • Labor productivity in science and technology

Honors and Awards

  • General Research Fund, Project#11611021, “Balancing authoritarian innovation and accountability: An empirical study on the dual-track of patent intellectual property right protection in China (1986-2020)”. 763,831 HKD, 01/01/2022 – 31/12/2024
  • The Kauffman Foundation Knowledge Challenge Grant, $91,985, 2019-2021
  • Kenan Institute Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research Grant, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, $10,000, 2018-2019
  • Batten Fellowship, Batten Institute, Darden School of Business, University of Virginia, $10,000, 2017-2018
  • University of Maryland Research and Scholarship Award, Summer 2017, with Debra Shapiro, $9000
  • NSF EAGER Grant #1550727 “Gender Differences in the Job Mobility and Earnings of U.S. Scientists and Engineers,” $50,000, 2015-2016.
  • National Science Foundation of China Grant #71472010 “Venture Capital Industry in China”, 2014-2017, RMB 630,000
  • Kauffman Foundation Junior Faculty Fellowship in Entrepreneurship Research, 2009-2011 (one of the five inaugural recipients selected among entrepreneurship researchers in the U.S.)
  • UC Berkeley Haas School of Business Schwabacher Award, 2008-2009
  • Kauffman Foundation Entrepreneurship Research Mini-Grant, 2007-2009
  • UC Berkeley Regents’ Junior Faculty Fellowship, 2006
  • Kauffman Foundation Emerging Scholars Initiative Dissertation Research Grant, 2002
  • International Peace Scholarship, P.E.O. Foundation, 1998 & 2000

Professional Service

  • National Science Foundation panelist
  • Associate Editor (2015-current), Management Science
  • Advisory Editor (2006-present), Research Policy


  • Ding, Waverly W., Hyeun J. Lee, Debra L. Shapiro. 2023. “Are Entrepreneurs Penalized during Job Searches? It Depends on Who is Hiring?Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal.
  • Ding, Waverly W., Atsushi Ohyama, Rajshree Agarwal. 2021.“Where is the Promised Land? Trends in Gender Pay Gaps of Scientists and Engineers in Academia and Industry.” Nature Biotechnology, 39(8):1019-1024 (DOI: 10.1038/s41587-021-01008-0).
  • Cui, Victor, Ding, Waverly W., Yanadori, Yoshio. 2019. “Exploration versus exploitation in technology firms: The role of compensation structure for R&D workforce.” Research Policy28(6): 1534-1549.
  • Ding, Waverly W., Fiona Murray, Toby E. Stuart. 2013. “From Bench to Board: Gender Differences in University Scientists’ Participation in Corporate Scientific Advisory Boards.” Academy of Management Journal 56(5): 1443-1464.
  • Ding, Waverly W. 2011. “The Impact of Founders’ Professional Education Background on the Adoption of Open Science by For-Profit Biotechnology Firms.” Management Science57(2): 257-273.
  • Ding, Waverly W. and Emily Choi. 2011. “Divergent Paths to Commercial Science: A Comparison of Scientists’ Founding and Advising Activities.” Research Policy40: 69-80.
  • Ding, Waverly W., Sharon G. Levin, Paula E. Stephan, and Anne E. Winkler. 2010. “The Impact of Information Technology on Scientists’ Productivity, Quality and Collaboration Patterns.” Management Science56(9): 1439-1461.
  • Azoulay, Pierre, Waverly W. Ding and Toby E. Stuart. 2009. “The Impact of Academic Patenting on the Rate, Quality and Direction of (Public) Research Output.” Journal of Industrial Economics 57(4): 637-676.
  • Elfenbein, Hillary Anger, Noah Eisenkraft and Waverly W. Ding. 2009. “Do we know who values us? Dyadic meta-accuracy in the perception of professional relationships.” Psychological Science 20: 1081-1083.
  • Azoulay, Pierre, Waverly W. Ding and Toby E. Stuart. 2007. “The Determinants of Faculty Patenting Behavior: Demographics or Opportunities?” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 63: 599-623.
    Reprinted in Recent Developments in the Economics of Science and Innovation, ed. by A.N. Link, and C. Antonelli, 2013.
  • Stuart, Toby E., Salih Z. Ozdemir and Waverly W. Ding. 2007. “Vertical Alliance Network: the Case of University-Biotechnology-Pharmaceutical Alliance Chains.” Research Policy 36: 477-498.
  • Ding, Waverly W., Fiona Murray and Toby E. Stuart. 2006. “Gender Differences in Patenting in the Academic Life Sciences.” Science 313(5787): 665-667.
  • Stuart, Toby E. and Waverly W. Ding. 2006. “When Do Scientists Become Entrepreneurs? — The Social Structural Antecedents of Commercial Activity in the Academic Life Sciences.” American Journal of Sociology 112(1): 97-144.
    Reprinted in Management of Innovation and Entrepreneurship (2009), 4: 1-35.


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