Management & Organization

Human Resource Management

M&O professors in Human Resources (HRM) study the effective management of human resources for the dual purposes of creating value for the employing organization and enhancing the motivation, performance and job satisfaction of individual employees and employee groups. HR faculty are well known for their research on reward systems, retention, gender issues, and information technology (IT) implications for organizations, procedural justice at work and employee-organization exchange relationship, organizational staffing, and the relationships between human resource management practices, employee attitudes, and firm performance.

Their papers have been published in Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Executive, Administrative Science Quarterly, Journal of Applied Psychology, Organization Science, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Personnel Psychology, and other top tier academic journals. They have served on the editorial boards of virtually all top tier academic journals and have been repeatedly elected to high level professional offices such as Chair of the HR Division, National Academy of Management, Member of the Board of Governors, National Academy of Management and President of the National Academy of Management. Several HR faculty are elected Fellows of the American Psychological Association, National Academy of Management and the Society of Industrial/Organizational Psychology. Professors actively collaborate with Ph.D. students, and these productive relationships have resulted in result in a variety of innovative working papers, award winning conference presentations, and publications in major journals. Graduates have accepted positions at the University of Arizona, Cornell University, Notre Dame University, Michigan State University, University of Cincinnati, University of Texas at Austin, and Vanderbilt University, as well as a number of other schools.

Human Resource Management majors are available only at the graduate level. Courses cover recruitment and selection, performance management, human resource planning, employee development, career development, labor relations, compensation administration, quality of work life, workforce diversity, and strategic human resource management. Employment relationships are analyzed at the individual, group, organizational, societal, and cross-cultural levels of analysis. The focus of this curriculum is on pinpointing ways of enhancing the positive effects of HR practices on the motivation, performance and satisfaction of individual employees and employee groups while also creating value for the organization in return for ongoing investment in its most important resource, its employees.

Organizational Behavior

M&O Organizational Behavior researchers are interested studying the human side of organizations and consider issues that integrate organization, group/team, and individual levels. Research in organizational behavior is interdisciplinary in nature, as it draws on contributions from sociology, psychology, communications, industrial organization economics, political science, anthropology, and decision theory. Major areas of research and teaching include: leadership; work motivation; decision making; team processes, dynamics and performance; organizational culture and climate; innovation and creativity, job and work design; work attitudes; career development; knowledge management and information sharing in organizations; negotiations; conflict management; global and cross-cultural management; organizational change; and organizational justice and fairness.

The organizational behavior faculty is composed of a group of very active researchers, scholars and teachers. We contribute to the training of students and managers who seek to learn about the behavioral and management issues that have important implications for organizations and the people in them. Our curriculum helps students understand how to effectively manage the behavior of individuals and groups within organizations and incorporates the latest in both theory and practice.

M&O Organizational Behavior faculty consistently publish their research in the best journals in the field, hold senior positions in our professional associations, and are on the editorial boards of top-rated management journals. Our faculty are consistently recognized as among the best teachers in the Business School and are widely sought for their expertise on a broad range of organizational behavior issues.

The Organizational Behavior area has a strong and vibrant Ph.D. program that prepares its students to take positions as research faculty in the world's best universities. Our recent graduates have gone on to positions at universities such as Cornell, University of Texas at Austin, Vanderbilt, among others, and have continued our long tradition of excellence in research and teaching in organizational behavior.


The mission of the entrepreneurship faculty is to research entrepreneurial activity in all of its many forms, and to use the knowledge gained from that research to teach people to become better entrepreneurs. We focus our research and teaching on understanding the identification, evaluation, and exploitation of entrepreneurial opportunities by both new and established companies. To achieve our goals, we employ research faculty drawn from a variety of different academic disciplines that have chosen to focus their research attention on entrepreneurship, and former and current entrepreneurs and investors who use their personal experience to provide detailed knowledge of the phenomenon.

Competitions always provide a stimulating way to learn about the business world. The University of Maryland sponsors two student-based business plan competitions. One of these, the University of Maryland Business Plan Competition, is the largest in the Greater Washington area, and is open to all University of Maryland students and recent alumni, and may include faculty and outside advisers. The Undergraduate Business Plan Competition is limited to Maryland undergraduates only. No faculty or outside advisers are permitted.

There are several campus programs to help and encourage budding entrepreneurs. The Mentoring Program is open to all students. The program utilizes a mentoring program database that contains contact and expertise data for volunteer mentors. In the Hinman CEO's Program, participants live with like-minded students from a variety of academic disciplines and learn the skills to help them start a company once they graduate. (Students use state-of-the-art technology and work with experts while they build their idea.)

Organizations and Centers round out the education of those beginning a career in entrepreneurship. There are two student clubs that offer stimulating programs, career-related speakers, and tours and outreach events. The Collegiate Entrepreneurship Network is the undergraduate club and eClub: Maryland Entrepreneurs Club is the graduate club. The Dingman Center for Entrepreneurship is dedicated to facilitating, supporting, and encouraging new enterprise growth. It is one of the oldest original entrepreneur centers in the country and has established itself as a national catalyst for entrepreneurship in the twenty-first century.

Download the Entrepreneurship Brochure.

Speaker Series 2007-2008




Sep 7 David A. Harrison
Pennsylvania State University
What's the Difference? Making Sense of Diversity Constructs and Processes in Organizations
Nov 5 Michael Frese
University of Giessen, Germany
Psychology of Entrepreneurship – 
State of the Art

Research Highlights

J. Robert Baum, Associate Professor, is co-editor/author of the book The Psychology of Entrepreneurship (Erlbaum, 2006). This is the first book written about the psychology of entrepreneurs. It includes 60 research questions to guide industrial organizational psychology researchers, organization behavior researchers, and entrepreneurship researchers. It seeks to answer questions such as, "how and why do some people, but not others, recognize opportunities, decide to start new ventures, and organize successful, rapidly growing companies."

Ken G. Smith, Dean's Chaired Professor of Strategy, is co-author of Strategy as Action: Competitive Dynamics and Competitive Advantage (Oxford Press, 2005). Smith has been studying the successes and failures of corporations for more than 20 years, and recommends that firms not only move faster, but engage in a continual evaluation of their actions, in effect developing a strategy as they go by seeing which actions bring about the best results.

Anil K. Gupta, Ralph J. Tyser Professor of Strategy and Organization, is co-author of The Quest for Global Dominance (Jossey-Bass, 2001), a comprehensive guide for executives leading organizations in today's highly competitive, global marketplace.

Purchase books via the link to by clicking on the book images and referral fees go to Smith School scholarships.

Ken G. Smith, Dean's Chaired Professor of Strategy, is co-author of Great Minds in Management Theory (Oxford Press, 2005). He and Michael A. Hitt have brought together some of the most influential and original thinkers in management. Their contributions to this volume not only outline their landmark contributions to management theory, but also reflect on the process of theory development, presenting their own personal accounts of the gestation of these theories.

David Kirsch, assistant professor of entrepreneurship, is directing a research project that collects dot-com business-planning documents and interviews participants in the Internet boom and bust. Funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the overarching goal of the project is to understand how people learn from failure.  [ ]

The Smith School established the Center for Human Capital, Innovation, and Technology (HCIT) in 2001 to explore the interface of human capital, innovation, and technology, and how these resources can be managed to create and sustain organizational competitive advantage.

Visit the Social Sciences Research Network for the latest working papers from Smith School faculty members.


The management and organization department offers two PhD majors. One in Organizational Behavior/Human Resource Management, which deals with the behavior of individuals and groups within organizations, and investigates the enhancement of the effectiveness of an organization’s human capital in order to gain competitive advantage and achieve organizational goals.

The second is in Strategic Management and Entrepreneurship, which deals with the performance of firms and the various factors affecting it. The program takes a multi-facet perspective towards research in this area with economics, sociology and management all playing a collaborative role.

Why pursue a PhD from the M&O department at the Smith School of Business?

Learning to do original, rigorous and interesting research

At the M&O department, we strive to impart in our students the passion for doing highly original and interesting research. All our coursework and research assistantships are geared toward developing the skills needed to do careful, insightful and interesting research. Our rigorous training is evident in our students’ many awards and top-tier journal publications and in our graduates’ placement in top academic institutions.

A Supportive Culture

The culture within the M&O PhD program fosters both a quest for excellence and collegiality-- students receive extensive support and advice from faculty and senior students towards the development of a research identity. From their first semester in the program students are encouraged to present their research ideas in our weekly Student Presentation Series (SPS), a safe yet challenging setting that prepares them for the rigor of academic career and develops their research and presentation skills. These weekly presentations are made in front of other students and faculty, not only providing students with constructive feedback about their research ideas and presentation skills, but also prepares them to become better consumers and evaluators of research. Our Ph.D. students also receive valuable socialization into academia insights from fellow students and faculty through our regular Career and Professionalization Seminar Series (CAPSS). This sessions, include among other subjects topics such as: the publication and review process, building a research identity, academic collaboration and more.

Opportunity to work with world-class faculty

The faculty of the M&O department is one the most scholarly prolific and productive in the field. Many faculty members are the recipients of multiple awards and serve in high level officer positions at the Academy of Management and Strategic Management Society, as well as associate editors and editorial board members in major top-tier journals (including Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Applied Psychology, Organization Science and more). More importantly, faculty members are actively involved in the PhD program: students work closely with faculty on research assistantships that often lead to joint publications in the top journals of our field. Students’ research assistantships assignments rotate over the program (students work with at least two faculty members per semester and these assignments change with advancement in the program) which allows flexibility and exposure to multiple researchers, research subjects and approaches to science. Students end up with honed interests and are able to develop working relationship with faculty based on personal and professional fit. Students also get excellent opportunities to interact with leading faculty in other schools who routinely visit us as part of our External Speaker Series and Cross Disciplinary Seminar Series every semester. 

To apply, please visit the PhD Program website.


The Management & Organization Department offers a variety of core and elective courses in the areas of Entrepreneurship, Human Resources, Organizational Behavior, and Strategy.

Visit the course electives page for specific details.

News & Events

There is always something going on at the University of Maryland's Robert H. Smith School of Business! With dozens of events each week in College Park and around the world, they say that the sun never sets on the Smith School.

Use this page to check out our latest news, featured stories and upcoming events for the Accounting & Information Assurance department at Smith.

Department Calendar

Click here to access the department's Google calendar.

Latest News

Faculty Position: Open Rank Professor(Tenured/Tenure-Track Position) | Learn more.

Gilad Chen appointed Editor of the Journal of Applied Psychology
Gilad Chen, Ralph J. Tyser Professor of Organizational Behavior and M&O Department Chair, has been recently appointed as next Editor of the Journal of Applied Psychology. After serving as Associate Editor for the journal for 6 years, Gilad will assume a 6-year term as Editor beginning January 1, 2014. With its broad mission of integrating between psychological and organizational phenomena, the Journal of Applied Psychology is a leading journal in the academic fields of Industrial-Organizational Psychology and Management. It is also one of the most successful and influential journals published by the American Psychological Association. Under his editorship, the Journal of Applied Psychology will mark its first Centennial (the first issue was published in 1917).

Anil Gupta, CCTV, Interview re “The Falling Indian Rupee,” 30 July, 2013

Anil Gupta, quoted in The Washington Post, "A large entrepreneurial corporation?," 14 July, 2013

Anil Gupta, Fox TV, Interview re “China’s Investments in the US and the Shuanghui-Smithfield Deal,” 31 May, 2013

Anil Gupta, CCTV, Interview re “China India Economic Relations,” 20 May, 2013

Hui Liao is Winner of 2012 Cummings Scholarly Achievement Award
M&O Professor Hui Liao was named the 2012 Cummings Scholarly Achievement Award. This award is given annual by the Organizational Behavior Division of the Academy of Management, in recognition of outstanding scholarly achievements of an early- to mid-career scholar. This is one of the highest professional recognitions for mid-career scholars in the Organizational Behavior field. Professor Liao has also won similar awards from the Academy of Management’s Human Resources Division (the 2010 “Scholarly Achievement Award”) and from the Society for Industrial-Organizational Psychology (the 2009 “Distinguished Early Career Contributions Award”).


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