Research & Publications
The Center for Social Value Creation supports high-quality research in both the private and public sectors, including topics of social entrepreneurship, corporate social responsibility, environmental sustainability, globalization and international systems, humanitarian logistics, and nonprofit management. We also develop joint projects with authors, research institutions and leading organizations. Through the use of Summer Research Grants we encourage faculty to develop and refine research related to these topics.
“Is There a Market for Encore or Mature Talent Within the Nonprofit Sector?” Monica H. Schaeffer, Ph.D., 2013
Monica Schaeffer is The President of Visionary Institute for Total Ageless Living, Inc. (VITAL, Inc.). in collaboration with Joan R. Kahn, Ph.D. University of Maryland, Dept. of Sociology, Lindsey Klaassen, University of Maryland, and Melissa Carrier, MBA, University of Maryland, Smith School of Business, Center for Social Value Creation, Monica has assessed nonprofit management's willingness to hire mature workers for their future staffing needs as well as identified incentives and barriers that exist for hiring mature workers. Read the abstract here.
“Evolutions in Sustainable Investing”
Cary Steven Krosinsky is an adjunct faculty member at the Robert H. Smith School of Business, and in fall 2011 he taught an MBA course in sustainability and investing. Smith MBA graduates (2011) Sara Herald and Sam Brownell are contributing authors to the book. Offering real-world guidance for investment professionals on delivering attractive risk-adjusted and opportunity-directed returns across asset classes and regions, this book is filled with interviews with leading practitioners. Learn more.
2013 GRANT RECIPIENTS
Raghu Raghavan, "Wind Farm Layout Optimization"
Rachelle Sampson, "Productivity and Performance of Worker- Owned Cooperatives in the US."
Russell Wermers, “Microfinance Peer-Group Mechanisms: The Role of Culture, Community, Project, and Funding Source.” *Note: Mr. Wermer is traveling to Thailand June 20-July 8 2014 to continue research on this topic.
Bennet A. Zelner, Kira Fabrizio (Boston University), "The Effect of “Green” Energy Policies on Innovation and International Competition" *Note: Continuation from 2012
2012 GRANT RECIPIENTS
Bennet A. Zelner, Kira Fabrizio (Boston University), "The Effect of “Green” Energy Policies on Innovation and International Competition"
Siva Viswanathan, “Tweeting For Good: An Empirical Investigation of Micro-Blogging and Its Impact on Pro-Social Behaviors.”
2011 GRANT RECIPIENTS
Rachelle Sampson: "Ownership and Organization: Investment Incentives in Pollution Abatement & Energy Efficiency"
2010 GRANT RECIPIENTS
Leigh Anenson: "Clean Hands and the CEO: Equity as an Antidote for Executive Compensation”
Faculty Honor, Recently cited by Vice Chancellor Strine of the Delaware Court of Chancery, the major corporation litigation court in the United States.
Siva Viswanathan: “Networks of Green People: Web 2.0 and Environmental Sustainability”
2009 GRANT RECIPIENTS
Anand Gopal: “The Structure and Performance of Public-Private Alliances: The Case of Global Development Alliances within USAID”
Sunil Mithas: “Doing Well by Doing Good? Corporate Social Responsibility and Firm Performance”
Kislaya Prasad: “Corruption in Hierarchies”
Yi Xu: “Public Incentives for Pro-Social Innovation”
Lori Kiyatkin & Robert Baum
"Linking Human Capital and Organizational Performance: The Performance Implications of Employees' Healthy Behaviors," In preparation for journal submission. In preparation for journal submission, submitted for inclusion in the 2012 Academy of Management Annual Meeting
The authors develop a model that explains how two distinct categories of employees’ healthy behaviors – ‘healthy consumption’ and ‘physical/mental fitness’ importantly and uniquely impact organizations’ medical costs and productivity.
Russel Halper & S. Raghavan
"The Mobile Facility Routing Problem," 2011
In many applications, ranging from cellular communications to humanitarian relief logistics, mobile facilities are used to provide a service to a region with temporal and spatially distributed demand. The authors describe three heuristics for creating routes for the fleet of mobile facilities and evaluate their performance.
Ming-Hui Huang & Roland T. Rust
"Sustainability and Consumption," Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 39(1), 40-54. (2011)
We consider the implications of the three pillars of sustainability (environment, economy and social justice) on consumption in a wealthy country. Building a theoretical model that includes consumers, business, government, the environment, and economic and political relations between nations, we explore how sustainability should affect the consumption behavior of consumers, charitable aid to poorer countries, and responsible environmental practices by businesses. Our model enables us to provide normative implications for consumers, society and business. Importantly, we assume that all stakeholders will optimize their self-interest, and that altruism will only partly explain behavior consistent with sustainability. Among the more non-obvious findings are that (1) the poorer the poor countries are, the less the rich countries should consume, (2) the more sensitive the global political climate is to economic inequity between the rich and poor nations, the less the rich countries should consume, and (3) if aid to poor countries is effective enough, then the more materialistic the society is, the more charitable aid it should give. We also confirm a number of more intuitive findings, such as that business should use more green technology as the taxes on pollution and/or efficiency of green technology increase, and the more resource-intensive consumption is, the less consumers should consume. Taken as a whole, the findings imply that societal consumption patterns should be sensitive to aspects of environmental impact and social justice, even if altruistic motivations are absent.
Dobin Yim & Siva Viswanathan
"Networks of Green People: Dynamic Network Closure and Prosocial Behaviors in Online Communities," Presented at CIST 2010: Conference on Information Systems and Technology, INFORMS Annual Meeting Austin, Texas November 6-7, 2010.
There is a growing interest in designing incentives to foster “green” or prosocial behavior in environment sustainability. We show that online social network is conducive to energy saving behavior through social influence. Using data collected from online community Carbonrally.com, we show that slower growing groups perform better in energy reduction. In addition, we also show that the strength of ties and group characteristics that individuals belong to are important predictors of prosocial outcome. We present results and implication of our study.
Russell Halper & S. Raghavan
"Efficient Utilization of Mobile Facilities in Humanitarian Logistics," 2009
The management of humanitarian relief is increasingly complex. Relief requests are diverse and varied; they occur across different sectors including educational activities, health, disaster relief, refugee assistance, poverty eradication, etc. The authors’ research develops algorithms for the efficient routing and utilization of mobile facilities.
Lori Kiyatkin & Robert Baum
"Employee Health: A Value Creating Organizational Resource," Presented at the 2009 Academy of Management Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, August 2009
Draws upon the resource-based view and past research on health promotion and health care cost management to examine the implications of employee health and its underlying components as organizational level constructs. The authors develop a model that explains the process by which the components (health motivation, health risk, and healthy behaviors) impact organizational outcomes
Lori Kiyatkin, Rohnda Reger & Robert Baum
"The Purpose of Business: Corporations Are More Progressive than U.S. Business Schools,"Working paper presented at three conferences. Selected for inclusion in the poster session and Virtual Global Forum at the 2009 Global Forum for Business as an Agent of World Benefit: "Manage by Designing in an Era of Massive Innovation," held June 2-5, 2009, in Cleveland.
Examines how leading corporations and U.S. business schools are differently characterizing the purpose of business on their organizational websites, and what needs to change in order for U.S. business schools to assume their proper role as thought leaders for social progress.
Mingfeng Lin, Nagpurnanand Prabhala & Sive Viswanathan
"Judging Borrowers by the Company They Keep: Social Networks and Adverse Selection in Online Peer-to-Peer Lending," Presented at the Western Finance Association 2009 Annual Meeting.
The authors study the online market for peer-to-peer (P2P) lending, in which individuals bid on unsecured microloans sought by other individual borrowers. Using a large sample of consummated and failed listings from the largest online P2P lending marketplace - Prosper.com, the authors test whether social networks lead to better lending outcomes, focusing on the distinction between the structural and relational aspects of networks. While the structural aspects have limited to no significance, the relational aspects are consistently significant predictors of lending outcomes, with a striking gradation based on the verifiability and visibility of a borrower's social capital.
Robert M. Sheehan
“Mission Gap: The Missing Driver for Nonprofit Strategy,” paper presented for Academy of Management, International Conference, August 10, 2009, Chicago, IL.
Examines the differing purposes of for profits and nonprofits, and the implications of those differences for strategy development. The concept of “mission gap” is offered as a tool for translating notions of competitive strategy into the nonprofit environment.
"How Well Do Institutional Theories Explain Firms’ Perceptions of Property Rights?" Review of Financial Studies, 2008, 1831-1871
How do firms in different countries perceive the protection of property rights? The author examines the effect on institutions and the legal system, as well as the effect of ethnic differences on property rights.
"Financing Patterns Around the World: The Role of Institutions," Journal of Financial Economics, 2008, 467-487
Is small firms’ access to capital different than large firms, especially in developing countries? Do institutions matter?
"Bank Incentives, Economic Specialization, and Financial Crises in Emerging Economies,"Journal of International Money and Finance, 27 (5), Sept 2008, pp. 707-732
The author models the vulnerability of an economy to a financial crisis as arising from the interaction of the degree of economic specialization and bank debt financing.Ioannis Gamvros, Richard Nidel & S. Raghavan
"Investment Analysis and Budget Allocation at Catholic Relief Services," Interfaces, Vol. 36, No. 5, September–October 2006, pp. 400–406
Catholic Relief Services, a not-for-profit agency that funds development programs and humanitarian relief efforts throughout the world, faces a challenging budget-allocation problem annually. The authors developed a mathematical model and a spreadsheet tool that allocates available funds based on the impact these investments will have in different countries.
"Sahana: Overview of a Disaster Management System," Proceedings of the International Conference on Information and Automation, December 15-17, 2006, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Sahana is a Free and Open Source Disaster Management system. It is a web based collaboration tool that addresses the common coordination problems during a disaster from finding missing people, managing aid, managing volunteers, tracking camps effectively between Government groups, the civil society (NGOs) and the victims themselves.
David M. Waguespeack
"Technological development and political stability: Patenting in Latin America and the Caribbean," Research Policy, 2005, 34(10): 1570-1590
The author examines the effect of national political institutions on patent application rates, using a 27-year panel of Latin American and Caribbean nations, estimating U.S. patent applications and domestic patent applications by local inventors for each observation, and holding other economic and technological inputs to innovation constant.
"Sulfur Dioxide Allowances: The Price of Pollution," Journal of Financial Education, Vol. 31, Winter 2005, pages 118-125
This case discusses a method for enforcing the Clean Air Act's acid rain provisions. Utilities may purchase sulfur dioxide allowances, which give them permission to emit a certain amount of the pollutant, or they may install pollution control equipment or use low sulfur fuel. Which alternative is more cost-effective for a utility at a given point in time? This case gives students the opportunity to apply option pricing principles to a company’s decision to purchase clean air equipment versus buying the right to pollute.
The author presents a model of firms developing and selling green, nonpolluting technologies. The firms pursuing green technologies choose their innovation investments and prices as they compete for market share among each other as well as with an incumbent producer using a traditional technology which causes pollution. More innovation efforts lead to more attractive green technologies that are appreciated by a set of utility maximizing consumers, who can purchase any of the green technologies, the incumbent technology, or nothing at all.
"Corruption in Hierarchies"
Corruption is a widespread phenomenon and the cause of great social harm. The author investigates how corruption spreads within organizations, and what can be done to root it out. The distinctive feature of this study is a focus on organization level variables as determinants of behavior. The approach to the study of the problem is computational. An agent-based model was developed for the study of the phenomenon which is used to address the following questions:
- What steady states emerge during the evolution of the system?
- Does organization form matter for the amount of corruption?
- Specifically, do recruitment, promotion and retirement rules matter?
- Do the number of layers in the hierarchy matter?
- What is the optimal set of policies to control corruption?
The study deepens the understanding of how corruption takes root, how it spreads, and what can be done to control it.
Megan Burkhart, Ana Castro, & Adrian Sanchez
The goal of this project was to provide ChangeMatters and the State of Maryland with a comprehensive analysis of Maryland’s new Benefit Corporation/LLC companies and provide insight about the growing socially responsible business sector; to better understand incentives for businesses to operate as Benefit Corporations/LLCs; to learn best practices from states that have had more tangible successes; and identify a way to measure the legislation’s effect in the state. Throughout the analysis we worked to identify common characteristics of participating organizations; incentives (actual or perceived) for electing to register as a Benefit Corporation/LLC; measurable results realized by implementing organizations and/or metrics to track impact as more data becomes available; and best practices from other states in steering similar legislations.
Graham DeJong, Daniel Howard, Alex Maciulaitis, & Liza Savranskaya
Over ten thousand ex-offenders return to Baltimore every year from the prison system, on parole and on probation. While a number of work placement, education, and counseling programs assist in the re-entry process, feedback from state and city agencies indicates that there is potential for other creative employment opportunities. The authors explore the feasibility of providing holistic entrepreneurship instruction in the form of an Entrepreneurship Incubator Program (EIP), outlining the need for such a program and the predictive cost-benefit to society likely to result from the program's success.